Post has been reported succesfully.


Minecraft - Farming 101

There are tons of things to do and explore in Minecraft! We don't want to spoil everything there is to offer, but if you are looking for a beginner guide to get started, you are in the right place. There are many more forms of farming in Minecraft such as experience farming, mob farming, item farming and block farming. This article addresses basic crop farming.  

Crop farming in Minecraft provides resources that a player could not otherwise obtain naturally in order to be self-sufficient. Growing crops can be a renewable source of food and materials which can be helpful for in-game progression and animal breeding. 

Below are some helpful tips to get you started in crop farming. 

Getting Started 

To start, you’ll need some open and flat terrain that can be easily fenced to keep out unwanted guests. You will need to plant on tilled soil and may want to remove dirt and land to shape your garden beds. 

Tools to help till: 

  • Shovel - Though not necessary, a shovel can really help with the process of removing any dirt or land shaping you’d like to do.
  • Hoe - All Vegetables and Fruits will need to be planted on tilled soil, which is done by using the hoe on a dirt or grass block. 


Garden plots do not need to be watered manually, however placing your plot near a water source or trench allows your crops to thrive and grow faster. 


  • Water bucket – Dig a trench first and fill it with water from a water bucket before planting to keep the soil moist. 
  • Body of water – Planting the crops within 4 blocks (straight or diagonally) of a water source will keep the soil hydrated on its own. 


Bones - crafted into bone meal, via a crafting table, accelerates the growth rate of all crops.  

Bonemeal – a composter can convert unwanted materials into bonemeal. 


Most crops can be harvested easily with any tool or bare hands. Each crop plot should yield more crops than what was planted. 


Watermelon - will split into slices, must be taken to a crafting table to break into seeds. 

Pumpkin – Can only be harvested whole; can be taken to a crafting table to break into seeds or use shears to get seeds without harvesting. Pumpkins have benefits as both a cooking item, such as a pumpkin pie or they can even be used to make more complex items such as jack-o’-lanterns and even Iron Golems! 

Protecting Your Crops  

Mobs and other animals can cause damage to your farmland so it’s a good idea to take precautions to protect your crops! 

Fences – keep out unwelcome guests such as mobs or animals. 

Torches – keep out unwelcome guests along with allowing crops to grow at night or underground. 

Types of Crops 


One of the more common resources you might encounter are seeds, which can be obtained by digging through grass. These are used to grow Wheat. 

Uses for Wheat: 

  • Craft bread – no furnace required 
  • Attract and breed farm animals 


The varieties of vegetables that grow in Minecraft include carrotspotatoes and beetroot. 

Where to find them and their uses: 

  • Found in farming plots 
  • Rarely dropped from a mob loot 
  • Do not yield seeds (except for beetroot items)
  • Planted by placing directly on tilled soil (again, beetroots are the exception here)
  • Can be eaten raw as a source of food 
  • Cooked can be used for special recipes in the crafting table 


The varieties of fruit in Minecraft include melons, apples, sweet berries, and chorus fruits. 

Melons - can be split to create slices, which are a plentiful food source; however, they only recover a small bit of hunger with each slice.  

Apples - primarily obtained through chopping down trees. When the leaves despawn there is a small chance to get an apple. 

Sweet Berries - only found in taiga forests and grow on thorny bushes. Getting too close to one will hurt you, but the berries can be used as a decent food source due to quick growing time. 

Chorus Fruits - can only be found in The End. Only after braving The End and defeating The Ender Dragon will you be able to find these fruits on the outer End islands. Eating them can often cause unpredictable movement! Cooking and crafting them can give you access to purpur blocks. 

Other Harvestable Food Resources 

There are other farmable items in the Minecraft world that have certain conditions that need to be met to grow properly. 

Mushrooms - will not grow directly on farmland and require a dark place to spawn. They can be used to make various soups.  

Cacti - can only grow on top of sand. It can be found in the desert or badland biomes and occasionally from wandering traders. It’s used to make green dye. 

Sugar Cane - spawns throughout the world by bodies of water. It will not grow on tilled soil but can still be grown on various surfaces so long it’s adjacent to water, either by a body of water or by a player-built water trench. It is used to make sugar for baking recipes and as paper for books. 

Cocoa Beans - can be found when fishing in a jungle biome or from wandering traders. It is primarily used in dyes and to make cookies. 

Kelp - can be found in most ocean biomes. It can be found underwater and grown underwater. It can be used to make dried kelp as a small food source that can be consumed faster than regular food. 

Bamboo - is found in jungle biomes, typically in scattered shoots. They can be found scattered on the ground or looted from pandas. It is used to make various building materials and when breeding pandas.  


Whether you choose to farm for efficiency or leisure most of all, get out, explore and have fun! There are many things still to discover! 

Last Updated - 2023-02-07 09:30:55 UTC

Was this article helpful?