This article refers to version 1.16 of Minecraft and Minecraft: Java Edition.
You may have noticed that holding food in your hand will cause certain animals to stare and follow you. Different animals like different foods and using the correct food or method can help you tame or breed those animals.
Taming is the process of domesticating a wild animal to befriend a player. Only certain animals can be tamed. Here are the ways you can tame these animals and how they interact after being tamed:
- Wolves. Can be tamed by giving them bones. You will know a wolf is tamed after it receives a red collar around its neck. You can dye this collar a different color by right-clicking with dye in your hand. A tamed wolf will attack any mob that its owner attacks, except for creepers. Tamed wolves whine when they have low health. You can determine your wolf's health by the position of its tail: the higher the tail, the greater the health. You can heal a tamed wolf by feeding it any meat other than fish.
- Cats. Can be tamed by giving them raw cod or raw salmon. Cats are quick to run away so it is important to stand still when feeding them. Cats will follow their owners and are useful to have around because creepers don’t like to go near them.
- Horses, donkeys, and mules. Can be tamed by repeatedly attempting to ride them until they no longer throw you off and hearts appear around them. Equipping a saddle on these animals will enable you to control the direction the animal goes while riding it. You can equip horses with armor for additional protection against damage. You can equip donkeys and mules with a chest for additional storage space.
- Llamas. Similar to horses, donkeys, and mules, llamas are tamed by repeated attempts at riding until they no longer throw you off. Llamas cannot be controlled by players because they can’t be saddled. However, a lead can be attached to have it follow a player. You can also equip llamas with a storage chest.
- Parrots. Can be tamed by feeding them seeds. Once tamed, they will follow the owner around. Walking into a tamed parrot will cause it to ride on a player’s shoulders. Be careful what you feed parrots, because giving them a cookie will kill them.
Players can initiate breeding with two mobs of the same species to produce offspring. To do this, two animals must be in the same vicinity and be in "love mode" in which animals will emit hearts.
Animals that can be bred have certain food items that will put them into “love mode.” Some animals must be tamed before they can be bred. Here are the animals that you can breed and the food items used to breed them:
- Wolves (Tamed): any meat other than fish
- Cats (Tamed): raw cod and raw salmon
- Horses/Donkeys (Tamed): golden apples and golden carrots
- Llamas (Tamed): hay bales
- Sheep, Cows, and Mooshrooms: wheat
- Pigs: carrots, potatoes, and beetroot
- Rabbits: dandelions, carrots, and golden carrots
- Turtles: seagrass
- Pandas: bamboo; you must have eight bamboo blocks within a radius of five blocks of both pandas
- Foxes: sweet berries
- Bees: flowers